Feedback on the debate III of the cycle Food today and tomorrow: Food, which and for whom?



In creating its Foundation, the French Academy of Medicine wished to place at the service of society as a whole its unique ability to bring together, on essential health and social issues and around the best French and international experts, all stakeholders, political, medical, scientific, economic and associative. To fulfil its mission, the Foundation of the French Academy of Medicine (FAM) has chosen to organise debates based on excellent scientific publications or communications, open to the general public (associations, NGOs, companies, patients) and the media and directly relayed to the public authorities, in particular parliamentarians. In addition to their level, these debates are distinguished from other events of the same type by the benefit of the institutional status and the guarantees of credibility and ethics that are recognised at the National Academy of Medicine.

After a first cycle of debates on “Society & Ageing”, and a second cycle in progress on the “Exposome”, the first debate of which dealt with “Health risks linked to chemical pollutants”, the FAM continues its cycle on “Food today and tomorrow”. This cycle of debates has been developed by Professors Catherine Buffet and Gabriel Perlemuter. Both are members of the commission “Digestive system – Food – Nutrition – Metabolic diseases” of the French National Academy of Medicine. The famous Breton chef Olivier Roellinger has accepted to sponsor this cycle. The reflections raised by food are multiple and concern the health of all populations with a paradoxical situation since, according to the United Nations Organisation, in 2018, more than 113 million people in 53 countries were on the verge of famine while more than 2 billion people in the world were overweight. Obesity and undernutrition are two phenomena of malnutrition that now go hand in hand and are linked to poor nutrition.

Chapter III: Food, which and for whom?

Following its first debate, the FAM tried to define the notion of “eating well”, through the quality and quantity of food, then in its second debate it dealt with food as a source of disease. Now this third chapter is articulated around two questions: can food have a real preventive role for certain pathologies? And are we all equal when it comes to food? By looking at the genetic causes and the microbiota.


Moderated by the Prof. Richard Villet, FAM General Secretary.

14:00 Welcome word
Pr Bernard Charpentier (President of the French Academy of Medicine), Olivier Bohuon (President of the FAM)

14:15 Word of the patron
Olivier Roellinger (Chef, patron of the cycle)

14:20 Introduction
Pr Gabriel Perlemuter (academician, hepato-gastro-enterologist, nutritionist), Pr Catherine Buffet (academician, hepato-gastro-enterologist)


I – Food: the best prevention


a) Diseases that can be prevented by diet

14:30 Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases and diet
Pr Francisca Joly (Gastroenterologist, IBD & Nutritional Assistance, Beaujon Hospital)

14:45 Diet, a central concern of IBD patients
Anne Buisson (Deputy Director of the association afa Crohn RCH France)

15:00 Discussion with the audience

15:10 Primary prevention of cancer and diet
Dr Bernard Srour (Epidemiologist, Coordinator, NACRe Network (National Food Cancer Research Network))

15:25 Discussion with the audience

b) Early childhood nutrition: a capital for life

15:35 Nutrition in early childhood
Pr Olivier Goulet (Head of Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department; Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades)

15:50 Discussion with the audience

16:00 A word from Olivier Roellinger

16:05 Break


II – Food inequalities


16:15 Introduction
Prof. Gabriel Perlemuter

16:30 Links between obesity, diabetes and microbiota
Pr Judith Aron-Wisnewsky (nutritionist, Pitié-Salpétrière Hospital)

16:45 Genetic aspect and diet
Prof. Frédéric Fumeron (epidemiologist, University of Paris- Diderot)

17:00 Ketogenic diet and cancer
Pr Bruno Raynard (gastroenterologist, Institut Gustave Roussy)

17:15 Discussion with the audience

17:30 Conclusion speech
Olivier Roellinger

17:45 Conclusion
Prof. Gabriel Perlemuter

All debate

Debate resume

copyright FAM